Advances in Materials

Volume 4, Issue 5, October 2015

  • Decomposition of Bamboo Powder for Eco-Friendly Material Development by Using Superheated Steams

    Sayaka Ikeno, Kiyotaka Obunai, Tadao Fukuta, Koichi Ozaki

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 5-1, October 2015
    Pages: 1-6
    Received: Apr. 29, 2015
    Accepted: May 08, 2015
    Published: Jun. 09, 2015
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    This article belongs to the Special Issue New Methods of Extraction and Characterization of Plant Fibers
    Abstract: The purpose of this study is to investigate an alternative method to decompose bamboo for the development of new eco-friendly materials. The effect of superheated steam treatment on the chemistry of decomposed bamboo biomass was investigated; the composition of the decomposed biomass was quantitatively determined, and its molecular structures were ... Show More
  • Study of Extraction and Characterization of Ultimate Date Palm Fibers

    Imene Derrouiche, Imed Ben Marzoug, Faouzi Sakli, Sadok Roudesli

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 5-1, October 2015
    Pages: 7-14
    Received: Apr. 30, 2015
    Accepted: May 19, 2015
    Published: Jun. 09, 2015
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    This article belongs to the Special Issue New Methods of Extraction and Characterization of Plant Fibers
    Abstract: Natural fibers are generally hydrophilic in nature, as they are in fact derived from lignocellulose, which contains strongly polarized hydroxyl groups. During the last few decades, cellulose has been one of the most abundant, inexpensive, non-toxic, and renewable biomacromolecules in nature and has been widely applied in diverse fields. In this stu... Show More
  • Variability in Mechanical Properties of Agave Americana L. Fiber “Intra-Plant Study”

    Asma El Oudiani, Slah Msahli, Faouzi Sakli, Jean Yves Drean

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 5-1, October 2015
    Pages: 15-29
    Received: May 25, 2015
    Accepted: May 26, 2015
    Published: Jun. 09, 2015
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    This article belongs to the Special Issue New Methods of Extraction and Characterization of Plant Fibers
    Abstract: In this work, a study of intra plant variability in agave fiber mechanical properties was conducted. It is based on the Design of experiments techniques and statistical analyses. By taking into account the variation of modalities related to the fiber collecting mode, some parameters were defined and considered as controlling factors, namely the pos... Show More
  • Variability in Fineness Parameter of Agave Americana L. Fiber “Intra-Plant Study”

    Asma El Oudiani, Slah Msahli, Faouzi Sakli, Jean Yves Drean

    Issue: Volume 4, Issue 5-1, October 2015
    Pages: 30-39
    Received: May 25, 2015
    Accepted: May 26, 2015
    Published: Jun. 09, 2015
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    This article belongs to the Special Issue New Methods of Extraction and Characterization of Plant Fibers
    Abstract: The aim of this paper is to study the botanical causes (age of plant, maturity of fibers) leading to the variability in fineness parameter for plant fibers, particularly agave Americana L. fiber. The Design of experiment DoE techniques, and other statistical analyses are used by varying the factors of interest in a full factorial design to assess t... Show More